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Küsimused ja vastused: Meresõiduohutus

meelis
16.06.2009
laevatrapp
milliste eeskirjadega määratakse ära laevatrapi õige ja ohutu paigaldus laevalt kaile. Millistele normidele peab vastama trapp ise.(kaubalaevad,tankerid)
Jüri Nelis
03.07.2009
Re: laevatrapp
Kaldalt laeva pääsu ohutuse ning treppide ja väljapääsude nõuded määratlevad kaks rahvusvahelist konventsiooni punkti. Kohalikke Eesti määruseid ei ole.

1. ILO134/A4.3(a):

C134 Prevention of Accidents (Seafarers) Convention, 1970
Convention concerning the Prevention of Occupational Accidents to Seafarers
(Note: Date of coming into force: 17.02.1973.)
Convention: C134
Place: Geneva
Session of the Conference: 55
Date of adoption: 30.10.1970
The General Conference of the International Labour Organisation,
Having been convened at Geneva by the Governing Body of the International Labour Office, and having met in its Fifty-fifth Session on 14 October 1970, and
Noting the terms of existing international labour Conventions and Recommendations applicable to work on board ship and in port and relevant to the prevention of occupational accidents to seafarers, and in particular of the Labour Inspection (Seamen) Recommendation, 1926, the Prevention of Industrial Accidents Recommendation, 1929, the Protection against Accidents (Dockers) Convention (Revised), 1932, the Medical Examination (Seafarers) Convention, 1946, and the Guarding of Machinery Convention and Recommendation, 1963, and
Noting the terms of the Safety of Life at Sea Convention, 1960, and the Regulations annexed to the International Load Line Convention, as revised in 1966, which provide for a number of safety measures on board ship which provide protection for persons employed thereon, and
Having decided upon the adoption of certain proposals with regard to accident prevention on board ship at sea and in port, which is the fifth item on the agenda of the session, and
Having determined that these proposals shall take the form of an international Convention, and
Noting that, for the success of action in the field of accident prevention on board ship, it is important that close co-operation be maintained in their respective fields between the International Labour Organisation and the Inter-Governmental Maritime Consultative Organization, and
Noting that the following standards have accordingly been framed with the co-operation of the Inter-Governmental Maritime Consultative Organization, and that it is proposed to seek its continuing co-operation in the application of these standards,
adopts the thirtieth day of October of the year one thousand nine hundred and seventy, the following Convention, which may be cited as the Prevention of Accidents (Seafarers) Convention, 1970:

.........
C134 Prevention of Accidents (Seafarers) Convention, 1970
Convention concerning the Prevention of Occupational Accidents to Seafarers
(Note: Date of coming into force: 17.02.1973.)
Convention: C134
Place: Geneva
Session of the Conference: 55
Date of adoption: 30.10.1970
The General Conference of the International Labour Organisation,
Having been convened at Geneva by the Governing Body of the International Labour Office, and having met in its Fifty-fifth Session on 14 October 1970, and
Noting the terms of existing international labour Conventions and Recommendations applicable to work on board ship and in port and relevant to the prevention of occupational accidents to seafarers, and in particular of the Labour Inspection (Seamen) Recommendation, 1926, the Prevention of Industrial Accidents Recommendation, 1929, the Protection against Accidents (Dockers) Convention (Revised), 1932, the Medical Examination (Seafarers) Convention, 1946, and the Guarding of Machinery Convention and Recommendation, 1963, and
Noting the terms of the Safety of Life at Sea Convention, 1960, and the Regulations annexed to the International Load Line Convention, as revised in 1966, which provide for a number of safety measures on board ship which provide protection for persons employed thereon, and
Having decided upon the adoption of certain proposals with regard to accident prevention on board ship at sea and in port, which is the fifth item on the agenda of the session, and
Having determined that these proposals shall take the form of an international Convention, and
Noting that, for the success of action in the field of accident prevention on board ship, it is important that close co-operation be maintained in their respective fields between the International Labour Organisation and the Inter-Governmental Maritime Consultative Organization, and
Noting that the following standards have accordingly been framed with the co-operation of the Inter-Governmental Maritime Consultative Organization, and that it is proposed to seek its continuing co-operation in the application of these standards,
adopts the thirtieth day of October of the year one thousand nine hundred and seventy, the following Convention, which may be cited as the Prevention of Accidents (Seafarers) Convention, 1970:
.....
Article 4
1. Provisions concerning the prevention of occupational accidents shall be laid down by laws or regulations, codes of practice or other appropriate means.
2. These provisions shall refer to any general provisions on the prevention of accidents and the protection of health in employment which may be applicable to the work of seafarers, and shall specify measures for the prevention of accidents which are peculiar to maritime employment.
3. In particular, these provisions shall cover the following matters:
(a) general and basic provisions;
.....
2. Laevadele, mis ehitatud pärast 01.07.2002, treppide ja väljapääsude kohta:

SOLAS 99/00 Amend/II-2/Reg.13.3.1:
Title SOLAS 99/00 Amend / II-2 / Reg. 13.3.1
For Ships Constructed From 1-7-2002
3 Means of escape from control stations, accommodation and service spaces
3.1 General requirements
3.1.1 Stairways and ladders shall be so arranged as to provide ready means of escape to the lifeboat and liferaft embarkation deck from passenger and crew accommodation spaces and from spaces in which the crew is normally employed, other than machinery spaces.
3.1.2 Unless expressly provided otherwise in this regulation, a corridor, lobby, or part of a corridor from which there is only one route of escape shall be prohibited. Dead-end corridors used in service areas which are necessary for the practical utility of the ship, such as fuel oil stations and athwartship supply corridors, shall be permitted, provided such dead-end corridors are separated from crew accommodation areas and are inaccessible from passenger accommodation areas. Also, a part of a corridor that has a depth not exceeding its width is considered a recess or local extension and is permitted.
3.1.3 All stairways in accommodation and service spaces and control stations shall be of steel frame construction except where the Administration sanctions the use of other equivalent material.
3.1.4 If a radiotelegraph station has no direct access to the open deck, two means of escape from or access to, the station shall be provided, one of which may be a porthole or window of sufficient size or other means to the satisfaction of the Administration.
3.1.5 Doors in escape routes shall, in general, open in-way of the direction of escape, except that:
.1 individual cabin doors may open into the cabins in order to avoid injury to persons inthe corridor when the door is opened; and
.2 doors in vertical emergency escape trunks may open out of the trunk in order topermit the trunk to be used both for escape and for access.

Uus postitus

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